Assignment: Salient Ethical Issues

Want create site? With you can do it easy.

Assignment: Salient Ethical Issues

Assignment: Salient Ethical Issues

  • Analyze salient ethical issues in psychiatric mental health practice
  • Compare ethical dilemmas with state health laws and regulations
  • Analyze ethical decision-making processes
  • Review literature for moral/ethical issues encountered by a PMHNP.
  • Select one of the articles you found that was published within the last 5 years to use as a focus for this assignment
  • Write a 2-page paper essay in which you do the following:
  • Summarize the moral/ethical issue in the article (no more than 1 paragraph).
  • Describe the moral and ethical dilemmas surrounding the issue.
  • Analyze the ethical issue and compare them to the state health laws and regulations in your state.
  • Outline the process of ethical decision making you would use to address this ethical dilemma..
Biomedical research is carried out with the goal of gathering and analyzing data in order to make generalizable findings that can help improve the care of currently unknown beneficiaries in the future. 
The primary function of human participants in research is to provide needed data. 
This is not the case in clinical medicine, when diagnostic or therapeutic measures are recommended or carried out purely for the benefit of the current patient. 
As result, while many ethical issues in research and clinical medicine overlap, ethical considerations in human subjects research are distinct from those that arise in diagnostic and therapeutic settings.


Beneficience (doing good), nonmaleficence (preventing or mitigating harm), fidelity and trust within the fiduciary investigator/participant relationship, personal dignity, and autonomy pertaining to both informed, voluntary, competent decision making and the privacy of personal information are the most salient ethical values implicated by the use of human participants in research.


An complex regulatory structure governing human subjects research addresses these (and other) ethical problems. 
The historical and philosophical context that led to the current American system of governmental command and control regulation in this area has been well documented elsewhere. 


Go to: Regulatory Oversight in the United States


The federal Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) published regulations governing the conduct of biomedical research involving human participants in 1981, based largely on the recommendations of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects in Biomedical and Behavioral Research (the Belmont Commission), which was established by the 1974 National Research Act (at that time, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare). 
Most research-conducting health-care organizations in the United States have now committed to implement these federal rules to all of their research protocols, regardless of the study’s funding source. 
DHHS regulations, as updated, have also been adopted as Common Rule by number of other federal agencies to protect human participants in any research program that those agencies support. 
The federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA)7 regulates research involving the testing of experimental pharmaceuticals or medical devices at the same time as the Common Rule; the Common Rule and FDA standards are similar but not identical.


An institutional review board (IRB) recognized by the federal Office of Human Research Protections (OHRP) within the Office of the Secretary, DHHS, must assess and approve research that falls under the Common Rule or FDA rules, or both. 
Following then, the research activity is subject to ongoing IRB scrutiny and, at the very least, annual reapproval. 
The IRB must assess that each of the following requirements is met before it can approve (or renew) protocol:


Subjects’ physical and psychological hazards are kept to minimum.


Physical and psychological hazards to individuals are tolerable when weighed against the predicted benefits to those subjects and the value of the resulting general knowledge.


The subjects are chosen fairly.


The following items will be presented to potential participants or their authorized surrogates in order to acquire informed consent:


– the research’s objectives, projected duration, and nature of any treatments or experiments;


– expected hazards and advantages of involvement in the research protocol, as well as feasible alternatives to participation;


– provisions pertaining to the confidentiality of research records;


– any recompense and/or therapy provided for injuries resulting from research;


– the right to choose whether or not to participate, as well as the ability to stop participating at any moment without consequence.


Informed consent will be properly documented.


The regulatory provisions for informed consent in research are essentially codification and expansion of the therapeutic informed consent doctrine8 created by the courts in the United States.


In addition to federal regulation, some states have established legislation that provides protections for human participants and requires some form of prior assessment and oversight.


The content of these state statutes varies. 
In addition, an individual participant may file private civil case against researchers and protocol sponsors for violations of common law tort standards of care (medical malpractice) in the conduct of research involving and affecting that person. 


Visit Tissue Specimens for further information.


Applications in research


“Human biological specimens have been the foundation of pathological study ever since Rudolf Virchow propounded the cellular basis of disease in 1858,” Hakimian and Korn11 wrote. 
Human tissue research now provides unique and increasingly sophisticated molecular and genomic insights that are gradually illuminating the detailed processes and pathways of human disease.”


Individuals who are either having non-experimental diagnostic or therapeutic interventions for medical concern, or who are currently participating in different research protocol, may be asked for tissue specimens expressly for use in current study protocol. 
In addition, patients or present research participants are increasingly being asked to donate biological tissue for preservation and possible use in the future as part of human genetic studies whose particular details are unknown or unknown. 
It has been suggested that genetic examination of human tissue samples could yield extremely helpful information about the genetic causes of human disease. 
“Both the number of known target genes and the methods for rapid and inexpensive genetic analysis are expanding, as is our knowledge of the intricacy of the genetic linkages of common diseases,” according to the Human Genome Project. 
Complex disorders involving many different genes will necessitate the analysis of massive volumes of data on the genotypes and phenotypes of many people. 
Researchers in the United States and throughout the world are excited about the prospect of building massive database systems to contain the human tissues collected to offer this potentially valuable genetic material.
Did you find apk for android? You can find new and apps.

Instant Nursing Papers
Hire a Nursing Expert
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Instant Nursing Papers?

Quality Nursing Papers

We assist students in achieving the best top-grade in their nursing papers, and in compliance with the provided instructions. Have your nursing paper written with a certified specialist Ph.D., Bachelor's, and Master's graduates with many years of experience in academic writing.

Experts with Ph.d., MDs and DNP Holders

Our writers have acquired Ph.D., MDs and DNP credentials from world class institutions. Our writers can handle papers from any discipline and can handle over 100+ subjects.

Nursing Papers Cheap

We provide a great deal of student-friendly prices and professionalism with all our nursing essay writing services. Our paper writing services have a user-friendly interface and professional nursing academic assistance. We are committed to assisting all students with their nursing assignments and projects regardless of their academic level.

Fast Paper Delivery

Our writers follow a strict schedule to ensure papers are delivered before the deadline to enable our editors to proofread before the final delivery to our customers. We strictly observe the early delivery of assignments to meet our clients' deadlines.

Plagiarism-free Nursing Papers

Our expert nursing paper writers are dedicated to conducting thorough research and writing papers from scratch to deliver original papers. To avoid paper plagiarism, all orders go through steps of writing, editing, and proofreading.

24Hour Customer Help

Our customer support is available 24/7/365 to help clients and make their paper writing services easy to use. Our experienced support team is available to answer your queries any time, 24 hours a day.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Nursing Papers Writing Service

We provide Nursing Assignment Services to Nursing students. Also, we are not limited to providing Nursing assignment help to students only. We also provide assignment help and solutions to community health nursing, Anatomy & Physiology, Microbiology, Biochemistry and Biophysics, and Nutrition & Dietetics.


Nursing Essays

Sit back, relax while our writers sort you out on your most daunting nursing essay queries on how to write a good nursing essay. We got you if you are looking for the best nursing essay services.


Nursing Projects

It is no doubt that qualifying for a nursing career is difficult and requires a series of tests. Most nursing students must put in a lot of work in their assignments and coursework. will help you answer queries such as “who can write my nursing research paper?”.


Nursing Dissertation Help will save you the hustle of undergoing pressure or even depression while doing your nursing dissertation paper. Save yourself from all the long sleepless nights and pressure by working with our best nursing dissertation writing professionals.


Nursing Coursework Help

If you happen to hop into our site in search of nursing coursework help, look no further. We are the number one solution for the best nursing coursework assignments. Therefore, to complete the best APA nursing coursework, seek help from professional nursing coursework experts at