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Assignment: Vasomotor Symptoms
Assignment: Vasomotor Symptoms
Ms. Martin is a 55-year-old woman who has been on HRT for 4 years. HRT was prescribed because Ms. Martin was experiencing vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause. Her last mammogram was 2 years ago and last pap was 5 years ago. Ms. Martin made an appointment with her nurse practitioner to discuss discontinuing HRT after hearing and reading news reports about the dangers associated with the medication. Except for the HRT, Ms. Martin is taking no medication other than a daily vitamin. She had a tubal ligation after the birth of her third child but has had no other surgeries or history of any medical conditions. Her father had cardiovascular disease and died of a myocardial infarction at 77 years of age. Her mother was diagnosed with breast cancer at 81 years of age. Ms. Martin does not smoke and rarely drinks alcohol. She likes to work in her garden but is not involved in a formal exercise program. She has gained about 10 pounds since menopause.
- Discuss the recommended screening tests, using the latest evidence based guidelines that Ms. Martin should have.
- What health promotion, maintenance, and prevention education would be important to provide to Ms. Martin?
Vasomotor symptoms are those that develop as a result of blood vessel constriction or dilation.
Hot flushes, nocturnal sweats, heart palpitations, and blood pressure fluctuations are among them.
Hormonal variations impact the processes that control blood pressure and temperature control, which is the most likely cause of these symptoms after menopause.
Hot flashes affect up to 75% of females in the United States after menopause, according to the North American Menopause Society.
Hot flashes can persist anywhere from 6 months to 2 years, but they can endure up to 10 years.
Menopause normally begins between the ages of 45 and 58 in the United States.
Menopause occurs at an average age of 52 years.
Source you can trust.
Menopause begins 12 months after a woman’s last menstrual.
Hot flashes and other symptoms can begin during perimenopause, when menstruation is still ongoing, or after a woman’s periods have ended.
These symptoms do not affect everyone, and their severity varies from person to person.
Menopause might begin earlier in life for certain women.
This may occur naturally in some circumstances, but it may also occur as a result of surgery, a health condition, or some types of medical therapy in others.
Menopausal hot flashes are a common vasomotor symptom.
Menopause is a natural process, not a disease.
Most ladies will go through this transition at some point in their lives.
The hormonal changes that it causes, on the other hand, can cause distinct symptoms.
Hormones influence how the cardiovascular system functions.
Their fluctuating levels can have an impact on the cardiovascular system.
They can also disrupt the neurological system’s ability to regulate body temperature.
The most common vasomotor symptom is hot flashes.
A sudden sense of heat affects the chest, neck, and face during a hot flash.
It’s possible that the skin in these locations will turn red.
A person may also have the following symptoms in addition to heat flashes:
Sweating, including night sweats, can cause sleep disruptions.
heart palpitations anxiety
People usually experience these symptoms for roughly a year.
Females, on the other hand, may continue to have them for several years.
If menopause occurs as a result of treatment, such as chemotherapy, the person may notice that the symptoms associated with it go away and menstruation resumes once the treatment is over.
This, however, is not the case for everyone.
Is this a hot flash or something else entirely?
To learn more about how a hot flash feels, go here.
Hot flashes are most likely caused by neurovascular alterations, which occur when the component of the nervous system that controls circulation changes.
Hot flashes are thought to be caused by changes in the portion of the brain that regulates body temperature, according to experts.
Sudden reductions in estrogen levels may be the cause, but the exact significance of this hormone is unknown.
Although there is evidence that supplementing with estrogen can help reduce symptoms, scientists have yet to discover a link between circulating hormone levels and the intensity of symptoms.
Hot flashes can be triggered by a variety of factors, including:
consuming hot meals
consuming coffee or alcoholic beverages
wearing clothing that is too warm for the temperature in the surroundings
Various medical treatments and therapies, as well as some health disorders, such as diabetes, tuberculosis, or an overactive thyroid, are made more difficult by smoking.
They can, however, arise without any apparent cause.
Hot flashes are a side effect of some cancer treatments, regardless of age or gender.
Factors that are at risk
Although vasomotor symptoms are typical after menopause, they do not affect everyone.
Smoking is one factor that may raise the risk.
Obesity and Trusted Source are two terms that can be used interchangeably.
According to the National Institute on AgingTrusted Source, hot flashes may last longer in African American and Hispanic women than in white or Asian women.
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