Discussion: NURS 8310 Measures of Effect
Discussion: NURS 8310 Measures of Effect
NURS6700/NURS8310 Epidemiology & Population Health
In this week’s discussion post we reviewed how measures of effect can strength and support nursing practice and the dangers of not using measure effects in nursing practice. In one of this week’s learning resources, Friis & Sellers (2021) discussed how effect measure allows nurses to assess factors and risk of a particular health outcome. For example, nurses could utilize effect measure to assess an elevated blood pressure and the risk it might pose to a patient related to stroke. In another one of this week’s learning resources, Tripepi et. al. (2010) discussed how an increase in norepinephrine was assessed in end-stage renal disease patients. Measures of effect strengthen and support nursing practice by shaping evidence-based practice and improving health outcomes. Another way that measures of effect strength and support nursing practice is through population health. Population risk difference allows nurses to measure benefits to a population through adjusted risk factors (Friis & Sellers, 2021). For example, public health nurses could assess how unclean drinking water could impact patient health outcomes like lead poisoning. Public health nurses in rural areas that serve Native American patients might look at measures of effect between multigenerational housing and risk of contracting COVID. These types of measures of effect strength and support nursing practice through identification of specific interventions that can result in evidence-based practice and improve health outcomes.
There are significant dangers of not using measures of effect in nursing practice. As a profession, if nurses do not utilize measures of effect it limits the critical thinking ability of the nurse and could negatively impact patient outcomes. For example, a nurse who does not use measures of effect to assess the relationship between a patient’s elevated blood pressure and their stroke risk might inadvertently miss the early warning signs that a stroke could occur resulting in potentially decreased patient health outcomes.
Friis, R. H., & Sellers, T. A. (2021). Epidemiology for public health practice (6th ed.). Jones & Bartlett.
Tripepi, G. Jager, K. J., Dekker, F. W. & Zoccali, C. (2010). Measures of effect in epidemiological research. Nephron Clinical Practice, 115(2), C92-c93.
Week 7 Discussion
Measures of Effect
One important application of epidemiology is to identify factors that could increase the likelihood of a certain health problem occurring within a specific population. Epidemiologists use measures of effect to examine the association or linkage in the relationship between risk factors and emergence of disease or ill health. For instance, they may use measures of effect to better understand the relationships between poverty and lead poisoning in children, smoking and heart disease, or low birth weight and future motor skills.
What is the significance of measures of effect for nursing practice? In this Discussion, you will consider this pivotal question.
With the Learning Resources in mind, consider how measures of effect strengthen and support nursing practice.
What would be the risk of not using measures of effect in nursing practice?
Conduct additional research in the Walden Library and other credible resources, and locate two examples in the scholarly literature that support your insights.
By Day 3
Post a cohesive scholarly response that addresses the following:
Analyze how measures of effect strengthen and support nursing practice. Provide at least two specific examples from the literature to substantiate your insights.
Assess dangers of not using measures of effect in nursing practice.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses.
By Day 6
Respond to at least two of your colleagues in one or more of the following ways:
Ask a probing question, substantiated with additional background information, evidence, or research.
Share an insight from having read your colleagues’ postings, synthesizing the information to provide new perspectives.
Offer and support an alternative perspective using readings from the classroom or from your own research in the Walden Library.
Validate an idea with your own experience and additional research.
Make a suggestion based on additional evidence drawn from readings or after synthesizing multiple postings.
Expand on your colleagues’ postings by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives based on readings and evidence.
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