Gestalt psychology ( , German: (); meaning “form”) or gestaltism is a German term interpreted in psychology as “pattern” or “configuration”. It is a school of psychology created by , , and . The school emerged in Austria and Germany in the early twentieth century. Gestalt psychology was formed after Wertheimer’s discovery between 1910 and 1912 of the which focused on the illusion of motion. The approach was based on a macroscopic view of the psychological behaviors rather than a microscopic approach.
Gestalt school is based on understanding and perceiving the whole sum of an object rather than its components. It was created against the atomistic concept of psychology as well as the general intellectual climate, which was built on the belief that scientific understanding is the result of lack of concern about the basic human details. Wertheimer defined a few principles that explain the ways humans perceive objects. Those principles were based on similarity, proximity, continuity. The Gestalt concept is based on perceiving reality in its simplest form. Gestalt theories of perception are based on human nature being inclined to understand objects as an entire structure rather than the sum of its parts.
Discussion #1.Describe the social and cultural conditions that led to Gestalt psychology’s disappearance. Then analyze the basic assumptions of psychoanalysis and Behaviorism for any traces of Gestalt psychology. What elements of Gestalt psychology do you recognize as existing in the basic premises of psychoanalysis and Behaviorism?
Discussion#2.Describe the social and cultural conditions that led to the rise of cognitive psychology. Argue whether cognitive psychology represents further growth in the field of psychology or the development of a new science
Discussion #3.Design a study you would like to explore in your future or current career that could be analyzed with ANOVA. To help design the study, please answer the following:
· What is the independent variable? What are your levels of the independent variable?
· What is the dependent variable?
· What do you expect to find if you ran the study? Please list this out both in statistical language (feel free to make up some numbers for the results) as well as real-world language.
· What would you expect to find with post hoc analyses? Which groups might be significantly different from which other groups?
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
- Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
- Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
- One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
- I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
- Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
- In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
- Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
- Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
- Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
- Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
- I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
- I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
- As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
- It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
- For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
- Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
- Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
- Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
- The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
- Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
- If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
- I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
- As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
- Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
- Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
- Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.