LEG 500 Week 11 Final Exam 2

LEG 500 Week 11 Final Exam 2

Question 1

According to law professor Thomas Joo, the best group of persons for addressing the environmental concerns facing the world today is:


Question 2

When environmentalists recognized that politicians were not going to pass stricter legislation and regulations, they changed their tactics to force change.  According to the Layzer article in the chapter, these new tactics included:
I.  Eco-terrorism – bombing pipelines and factories.
II.  Collaboration with businesses – create partnerships to improve environmental impacts.
III.  Public relations campaigns – go public with their accusations and encourage consumers to demand change.
IV.  Work internally through shareholders to try to change corporate disclosures


Question 3

Under the ___________ plan, the EPA auctions a set number of sulfur dioxide emission allowances annually, with each allowance permitting one ton of emissions.


Question 4

The power of the U.S. Government to take property from a private individual and use it for public purposes is:


Question 5

Shareholder activism includes which of the following?


Question 6

Which piece of legislation was passed first?


Question 7

According to MIT professor Layzer, the lobbyists for the energy corporations have used which of the following tactics to avoid stricter regulation?
I.  Portray the science of global warming as uncertain and debatable
II.  Focus on the financial costs of regulation
III.  Provide Senators and Representatives with financial incentives to vote against regulation
IV.  Portray the environmentalists as extremists and a vocal minority.


Question 8

Obesity in children has continued to rise since 1976 and approximately _____ of all teens and youth are overweight.


Question 9

According to John Kenneth Galbraith, the theory of consumer demand is based on the following broad assumption(s):
I.  Socialism will work in all societies because consumers are willing to share their wealth.
II.  The urgency of wants does not diminish as more of them are satisfied.
III.  Wants originate in the personality of the consumer.


Question 10

The “creative revolution” in advertising refers to


Question 11

Of product promotion techniques, which is the most influential according to author Naomi Klein?


Question 12

Identify the true statement(s) regarding freedom of speech:
I.  It was not until the 1840s that legal doctrines protecting speech when offensive began to be recognized by the courts.
II.  In the First National Bank v. Bellotti case,  the Supreme Court struck down a state law prohibiting a corporation to advertise to influence voters on issues that did not “materially affect” its business.
III.  In the Virginia Board case, the U.S. Supreme Court failed to link the “right to receive information and ideas” with the traditional values that underlie free speech.
IV.  The Prescription Information Law expressly allows the transmission or use of both patient-identifiable data and prescriber-identifiable data for certain commercial purposes.

Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

Welcome to class

Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires alot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to

I strongly encourage that you do not wait until the very last minute to complete your assignments. Your assignments in weeks 4 and 5 require early planning as you would need to present a teaching plan and interview a community health provider. I advise you look at the requirements for these assignments at the beginning of the course and plan accordingly. I have posted the YouTube link that explains all the class assignments in detail. It is required that you watch this 32-minute video as the assignments from week 3 through 5 require that you follow the instructions to the letter to succeed. Failure to complete these assignments according to instructions might lead to a zero. After watching the video, please schedule a one-on-one with me to discuss your topic for your project by the second week of class. Use this link to schedule a 15-minute session. Please, call me at the time of your appointment on my number. Please note that I will NOT call you.

Please, be advised I do NOT accept any assignments by email. If you are having technical issues with uploading an assignment, contact the technical department and inform me of the issue. If you have any issues that would prevent you from getting your assignments to me by the deadline, please inform me to request a possible extension. Note that working fulltime or overtime is no excuse for late assignments. There is a 5%-point deduction for every day your assignment is late. This only applies to approved extensions. Late assignments will not be accepted.

If you think you would be needing accommodations due to any reasons, please contact the appropriate department to request accommodations.

Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
  • Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
  • Here are some helpful links
  • The is a great resource




Question 13

The most notable exception to caveat emptor was for


Question 14

0 out of 4 points

According to Stephen Sugarman, performance-based regulation is:


Question 15

According to the plaintiff’s attorney, the primary tactic defense attorneys use to minimize liability is:


Hire the best defense firms to make the plaintiffs look like liars


Pursue illegal means to get plaintiffs to drop their cases


Use the system to make the case too expensive for plaintiffs to pursue their cases


Push plaintiffs into class action suits to force the case to be heard only one time.


Question 16

The Ford Pinto exploded when rear-ended by another vehicle.  Of the types of defects a product may have, the Pinto suffered from


Question 17

4 out of 4 points

The term caveat emptor means:


Question 18

To win a case in negligence, a plaintiff must prove all but


Question 19

4 out of 4 points

The Food and Drug Administration, the Consumer Product Safety Commission and the National Highway Transportation Safety Association are


Question 20

In a lawsuit for copyright infringement, a defendant can avoid liability by successfully arguing _________, based on the notion that the free flow of ideas sometimes requires quoting or borrowing from a copyrighted work.


Question 21

The difference between the Project Gutenberg (PG) and the Google book scanning project is:


Question 22

In order to obtain a patent under U.S. Patent Law, an inventor must have an invention that is


Not obvious






Not a modification of any prior patents


Question 23

Nike’s swoosh, McDonald’s arches, and the Xerox name are all identifiable trademarks. Which of the following laws protect(s) them?


Lanham Trademark Act of 1946


Federal Trademark Dilution Act of 1995


Sonny Bono Act of 1998


Question 24

Debora Halbert asserts in her essay that:


Question 25

If an author owns a copyright to a non-fiction essay, then publishes that essay in an anthology of similar essays published by a major publishing company, the rights involved in this relationship would be referred to as ______.


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