PSY 249 Discussion

Psy 249

1. What are the weaknesses in assessment tools? What can be done to address these weaknesses? Be sure to address reliability, validity, and bias issues.

2. Despite the fact that using diagnostic labels for psychological disorders is extremely common, what are some ethical factors one ought to consider in the use of diagnostic labels?
Reminder: Each person is to answer the question assigned to them and then respond to one other persons answer a different question then you-always using the text to support your answers. Opinions are great but I need you to support your views with sources. Please cite the page number and any other sources you use. ex. (Comer, 58).

Book can be found Here to answer and cite board:[com_9781319126698_ch02_04]!/4[ahfb4ab853bcd59803f5144c532bbf7e]

Respond to 2 peers:
Peer 1: Selina
2. Despite the fact that using diagnostic labels for psychological disorders is extremely common, what are some ethical factors one ought to consider in the use of diagnostic labels?

One thing that sticks out the most is a doctor’s oath to do no harm. This can unconsciously be broken with diagnostic labels. People who are diagnosed with mental disorders are stigmatized by society due to their lack of knowledge about the disorder (Comer, 93). This can be harmful to those with the diagnostic label because it can affect jobs and relationships (Comer, 93). For example, someone who is known to have a mental disorder may be passed up for a promotion because their employer may see it as a weakness.
Another thing to consider is based on a diagnostic label people may be entered into a research study. This brings up all kinds of ethical considerations. High on the list is informed consent because mental illness can affect a person’s ability to understand information about the research and can affect their ability to make appropriate decisions (Jain et al, 562). Careful consideration must be taken of a person’s mental capacity to make informed decision to be sure the person can accurately consent to participating in the research study.

Comer, R. & Comer, J. (2019). Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 9e. Macmillan Higher
Jain, S., Kuppili, P. P., Pattanayak, R. D., & Sagar, R. (2017). Ethics in Psychiatric Research:
Issues and Recommendations. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 39(5), 558–565.

Peer 2: Kayla
When a clinician first meets with a client, they will begin with an assessment starting with an idiographic which is a general overview of the individual. The clinician will then determine a route they think will be efficient in understanding the issues the individual is bringing up during the session. There are a few tactics that can be used to assess a client and depending on which assessment tool the clinician thinks will be helpful to aid the individuals with their concerns. However, each test does have the benefits and drawbacks of reliability, validity, and bias. Some individuals will be more forthcoming and honest in their responses, while others may choose to keep vital information to themselves. I think this quote from the text is a perfect example “Individuals may intentionally mislead in order to present themselves in a positive light or to avoid discussing embarrassing topics. Or people may be unable to give an accurate report in their interviews. Individuals who suffer from depression, for example, take a negative view of themselves and may describe themselves as poor workers or inadequate parents when that isn’t the case at all” (Comer, 3.1.2).
Most clinicians are aware of this fact and may take the first interview lightly. Some individuals have difficulty expressing their emotions or explaining trauma and it can take a few sessions before someone finally opens up about deeper issues. The reliability and validity of assessment tools depend on the willingness of the client. If someone goes in seeking help for anxiety, they are going to need to be vulnerable and discuss topics that are uncomfortable, but that is the best way to ensure the validity of the assessment tools given by the clinician.
Comer, R. & Comer, J. (2019). Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology, 9e. Macmillan Higher Education.


249 Psy

1. What are the shortcomings of assessment tools? What steps can be taken to solve these flaws? Make sure to address issues of reliability, validity, and bias.

2. Despite the fact that the use of diagnostic labels for psychiatric diseases is relatively frequent, what are some ethical considerations in the use of diagnostic labels?

Reminder: Each individual must answer the question allocated to them and then respond to one other person’s answer to a different question than you, always using the text to back their answers. Opinions are excellent, but I need you to back them up with sources. Please include the page number as well as any other sources you utilize. as in (Comer, 58).

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