DNP 805 Week 8 Assignment Reflective Journal Paper
Learners are required to maintain a reflective journal integrating leadership and inquiry into current practice.
In your journal, reflect on the personal knowledge and skills gained in the this course and address a variable combination of the following: new practice approaches, intraprofessional collaboration, health care delivery and clinical systems, ethical considerations in health care, population health concerns, the role of technology in improving health care outcomes, health policy, leadership and economic models, and/or health disparities. Outline what you have discovered about your professional practice, personal strengths and weaknesses that surfaced, what additional resources and abilities could be introduced to a given situation to influence optimal outcomes, and finally how you met the competencies aligned to this course.
You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.
Submit your reflective journal both to the instructor and in the Typhon Tracking System under the corresponding course section. Failure to submit your journal in both the course room and Typhon systems may result in a grade of Incomplete for the course.
DNP805 Topic 2 DQ 1 Example Essay
Discuss the usefulness of the electronic health record (EHR) and its impact on patient safety and quality outcomes. Describe strengths and limitations that might apply to its usage.
During the last decade, healthcare has witnessed the development and implementation of electronic health records (EHRs). The initial theory was that EHRs would improve patient safety and quality outcomes. Silverman (1998) stated that some of the obvious advantages to an EHR would have included and were not limited to the ease of access and immediate availability of patient information, history, and treatment plans in routine or emergency situations. He stated the potential to decrease adverse outcomes such as missed diagnoses, unnecessary or repeated treatments and procedures, international drug interactions and contraindicated treatments. If all EHRs were connected, one could also have a complete and up to date medical record always immediately available to caregivers.
Reimbursement incentives to increase the use of EHRs were put into place by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act in 2009. This Act allocated $27 billion of reimbursement for the demonstration of the meaningful use of EHRs. Clinical decision support rules that are specialty specific were expected to be implemented in the EHR to guide professional practice at the point of care with a purpose of improving overall patient safety and quality outcomes (Moja et al, 2014).
The impact of the EHR on the mortality, morbidity and costs of healthcare has been examined by several researchers throughout the years. Moja et al. (2014), conducted a systematic review of computerized decision support systems (CDSSs) that provided guidance messages such as “diagnostic test ordering and interpretation, treatment planning, therapy recommendations, primary preventive care, therapeutic drug monitoring and dosing, drug prescribing, or chronic disease management” to identify the impact of CDSSs on patient safety and quality outcomes. The researchers compared systems with CDSSs to those without access to CDSSs, those that did not generate advice for care and those that did not have evidence based advice for care (Moja et al., 2014).
The results of 28 randomized control trials was surprising as it indicated little evidence for a difference in mortality. The small differences were primarily identified in particular settings with specific diseases and circumstances only. However, most studies were considered too short to prove or exclude a mortality effect. Morbidity outcomes of the studies were found to be too diverse and limited to make inferences. However, there was a 10% to 18% decrease of morbidity due to CDSSs linked to EHRs. This indicates that some studies showed an improvement in the health outcomes and quality of patient care as it pertained to the overall morbidity of patients. Finally, the differences observed for cost and utilization of health services among the studies was found to be small between the study groups (Moja et al, 2014).
While this study had several limitations such as not including the processes of different facilities or the level of compliance of practice professionals to guideline recommendations, the study indicates that there are several advantages to the use of CDSSs within an EHR to improve patient safety and quality of care. Although more research is needed to prove the benefits of CDSSs within EHRs, several advantages have been observed.
However, disadvantages have also been observed in relation to EHRs. There is concern for the privacy of medical record information and the accuracy of information entered into permanent medical records (Thede, 2010). The implementation of information technology systems is expensive, time consuming and at times is perceived as disruptive to the care being delivered by healthcare professionals. The adoption of a universal electronic health record is still yet to be achieved and the use of the EHR by some practice professionals still seems daunting and time consuming (Kreidler, 2019).
Kreidler, M. L. (2019). Health Care and Information Technology. Salem Press Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ers&AN=89163746&site=eds-live&scope=site
Moja, L., Kwag, K. H., Lytras, T., Bertizzolo, L., Ruggiero, F., Brandt, L., … Bonovas, S. (2014). Effectiveness of computerized decision support systems linked to electronic health records: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Public Health, (12), e12. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302164
Silverman, D. D. (1998). The electronic medical record system: Health care marvel or morass? Physician Executive, 24(3), 26. Reflective Journal Paper DNP805 Retrieved from
Thede, L. (2010). Informatics: Electronic Health Records: A Boon or Privacy Nightmare? Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 15(2), 8. Reflective Journal Paper DNP805